Paris Climate Agreement India Commitment

The Paris Climate Agreement and India`s Commitment

The Paris Climate Agreement was adopted by 196 parties at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in December 2015. Its main aim is to limit global warming to below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature rise to 1.5°C. The agreement is the first universal, legally binding global climate deal.

India, one of the world`s largest emitters of greenhouse gases, played a significant role in the negotiations leading to the Paris Agreement. India`s commitment to the deal is essential to its success as it is the third-largest emitter of carbon dioxide, after China and the United States.

India`s commitment to the Paris Climate Agreement includes the following:

1. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions intensity by 33-35% by 2030, compared to 2005 levels.

2. Achieving 40% of its total power capacity from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030.

3. Creating a carbon sink of 2.5-3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.

4. Promoting sustainable transportation with the objective of reducing emissions.

5. Contributing to the global climate fund to support developing countries in their efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change.

India`s commitment to the Paris Climate Agreement has already yielded results. In 2018, India`s renewable energy sector accounted for more than 20% of the country`s total installed capacity, reaching a total of 73 GW. The country is now aiming to increase its renewable energy capacity to 175 GW by 2022.

India is also taking significant steps to promote sustainable transportation. The government`s FAME (Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles) scheme aims to put 6-7 million EVs (electric vehicles) on Indian roads by 2020.

However, India still faces significant challenges in meeting its climate goals. As the country continues to industrialize and urbanize, its greenhouse gas emissions are expected to increase. Additionally, many of India`s emissions sources, such as agriculture and open burning of biomass, are difficult to control.

In conclusion, India`s commitment to the Paris Climate Agreement is a critical component of the global fight against climate change. The country has made significant progress towards achieving its climate goals, particularly in the renewable energy sector. However, India must continue to take bold and ambitious steps if it is to meet its climate targets and contribute to a sustainable future for all.

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